Knoppix install to hard disk HOWTO
KNOPPIX is a full featured Linux-on-a-CD that comes with KDE and a collection of Windows Managers, Office programs, Tools and more. It automatically detects everything on boot. KNOPPIX is a must have for many people and here's just a few things you can do with KNOPPIX
- Use it with a flash drive to have a portable pocket-sized disto!
- Use as a demo cd or to see if a system is Linux-compatible.
- Create an image of your partition (any major operating system) and
restore the image to recover your system!
- Resize and edit partitions without having to format them!
- Open password-protected MS Office documents!
- General recovery of Win and Linux systems.
- And last but not list... Install a full-featured Debian system in minutes!
Here you can find the instructions on installing a Debian system.
Note: These instructions are a little old. This installation system still works but there is a better one that you can start by running
knoppix-install in Knoppix.
This is a local copy of
Knoppix install to hard disk HOWTO
by David McNab <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Full GNU/Linux Desktop installed in 20 minutes flat!
No more excuses for running W--dows!
Knoppix is a remarkable Linux
'demo' distribution, in that it can run totally from a CD, without
disturbing any existing software or disks on the system it's running on.
Even better, Knoppix can auto-detect hardware as it starts up, and
does quite a good job of configuring this hardware.
And still better, Knoppix is chock-full of the best desktop software
which GNU/Linux has to offer - office software, games, productivity
suites, software development tools, multimedia - you name it!
After seeing a Knoppix demo, many users decide that they'd like to
have Knoppix permanently installed on their system. This HOWTO gives a
simple step-by-step guide to putting Knoppix on the hard disk, with the
added bonus that it will run faster from then on.
This guide covers a couple of obvious points which are strangely
missing from the Knoppix website, and will help you to go from first
boot to a fully set up GNU/Linux desktop in 20 minutes flat!
To install and run Knoppix on your PC, you'll need:
- Pentium-class processor, preferably 300MHz+
- 64MB RAM
- A spare partition on your disk, min 3GB
- (of course) a Knoppix CD
To get Knoppix installed onto your hard drive:
- Boot the Knoppix CD.
- When the boot prompt comes up, choose your language.
Most of us speak English, so we'll type:
boot: knoppix lang=en
then press ENTER (you don't type the 'boot:' part, of course)
- Wait till the system is fully launched, including the KDE desktop
- Press CTRL-ALT-F1, to get a root console. You should see
a shell prompt
- Type: knx-hdinstall
- Follow the guided installation menus. This will include:
- Creating a Linux partition (at least 2.5GB
- Creating a Linux Swap partition (at least 256MB)
- 'Mounting' the Linux partition as root
- Initialising the swap partition
- Copying all the required files (automatically)
- Setting up networking
- Setting passwords
- Setting up the bootloader (Note: take care with this stage
- it could render your system incapable of booting into Windows. If you
really need Windows, then it might be a good idea to set up GRUB Bootloader
with a 'chainloader' entry, so that you can dual
boot. Working this out is an exercise left to the reader - there
are too many possible scenarios for me to cover in this short guide.
Also see man grub and the files in /usr/share/doc/grub)
- Rebooting (without the CD)
- When you've rebooted Knoppix from your hard disk, click on the KDE
Control Centre icon in the launcher at the bottom of the screen
(icon of a colour monitor with a card in front of it)
- Within the Control Center, click on Personliche Einstellungen
- Click on Land und Sprache
- Choose the locale and language of your choice
- Click on Andwenden at bottom of that window
- Close and restart the Control Center
- Click on Peripherals, then Keyboard, and choose
your preferred keyboard layout (which will probably be US.English.
Click OK and close the window
- Press CTRL-ALT-F2 to get to the root console, and log in
as root (using the password you chose when you ran the installer)
- (Optional) - type apt-get update (followed by ENTER).
This will update your list of available packages, and takes about 5-10
- Hey, presto, you've got a fully installed GNU/Linux desktop
From here on in, you'll probably want to fine-tune a few things, set
up themes, backgrounds etc. But most of the hard work is already done
And lastly, note that Knoppix is based on Debian, which is arguably the finest
GNU/Linux infrastructure available. To learn more about your system,
and how to add/change/remove software, go to the Debian website and
read the documents. If you get really stuck, start up X-Chat
and log into irc.debian.org or irc.openprojects.net and
join channel #knoppix. That is one busy chat room, with Debian
Linux experts present 24/7, willing to help. Please also know that,
even though Knoppix is based on the Debian distribution, your enquiries
in #debian may not be welcomed.